The pentatonic scale, a 5-note scale, is the basis for countless folk songs around the world. Here’s an explanation of the importance of the pentatonic scale in an Orff classroom: The music used in the classroom is based on the children’s own heritage with a combination of folk and composed music. Here in America, our classrooms are multicultural. Orff philosophy embraces the folk music of all cultures. They are almost all in the universal pentatonic scale. (Five note scale – separated by whole steps.) C Pentatonic would include the pitches C D E G A. This is the most common scale used in Orff because it is easily used with the Orff instruments.

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Below: Printable pentatonic xylophones & staffs

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