Chiquinha Gonzaga

Quick Facts

  • Born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • She learned to play the piano as a child and composed her first piece at the age of 11.
  • She earned a living by teaching piano lessons and playing piano in musical instrument stores.
  • Her career became more successful, and she wrote many pieces of music, including tangos, waltzes and polkas.
  • She also became the first woman conductor in Brazil.
  • She was involved in social movements, such as the abolition of slavery and women’s suffrage.
  • By the time she died, she had written the music for 77 theater plays and around 2,000 other compositions.


  • Gonzaga poster & video (PDF)

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